Metropolitan Street Railway Single Truck Short Closed Trolley 8-window – built in 1894
manufactured 1976 in Japan by Orion and imported by Custom Brass ( TO-404 )
Rules - 1904 edition
RULES FOR CONDUCTORS AND MOTORMEN
NEW YORK CITY RAILWAY COMPANY
METROPOLITAN STREET RAILWAY SYSTEM
JOOH C. RANKIN CO,, 54 & 55 DEY ST,1 HEW YORK.
NOTICE TO CONDUCTORS AND MOTORMEN.
This book is published for the information and guidance of motormen and conductors in the performance of their duties. The rules herein contained are fundamental, are essential to the successful operation of the road, and implicit compliance with them is hereby enjoined.
When in doubt as to the course to pursue in emergencies, and unable to obtain instructions from any one in authority, employes are expected to follow their own judgment, bearing in mind that the safety of passengers is of paramount importance and that the welfare of the Company is contingent upon the courtesy, tact and efficiency of the men who operate its cars.
Dated, June 1st, 1904.
T. A. DELANEY, Supt. of Transportation. Approved: OREN ROOT, Jn., General Manager.
1. Knowledge of Rules. -Conductors and motormen are required to be familiar with the rules, and with every special order issued. The bulletin board must be examined daily for special orders. Employment by the Company binds the employe to comply with the rules and regulations, and ignorance thereof will not be accepted as an excuse for negligence or omission of duty. If in doubt as to the exact meaning of any rule, or special order, application must be made to the proper authority for information and instruction.
In addition to these rules, special orders will be issued from time to time; such orders, when issued by proper authority, whether in conflict with these rules or not, must be obeyed while in force.
1a. Conflicting Rules. -All regulations or orders now in force contrarv to those herein contained, are hereby rescinded.
* NOTE.-The rules in this book printed in larger type, are those which have been approved as standard by the Street Railway Association of the State of New York.
Additional rules for the guidance of employes operating surface cars in New York City have been rendered necessary by the existing local conditions. Such rules are printed in smaller type.
1b. Descretion. -In all matters not covered by these rules, or special orders, employes expected to use discretion and judgment.
2. Report for Duty. -Regular conductors and motormen must report for duty ten minutes before "leaving time for their first trip, or if for any good reason unable to so report, must give notice at least ten minutes before such leaving time.
Extra men must report at such time as ordered, or must give notice at least ten minutes before such time. They must not absent themselves after answering roll-call without permission.
2a. Sick Reports. -Every conductor or motorman reporting sick or excused must report for work within one week thereafter, or send to the Division General Foreman a sufficient reason for longer absence; otherwise his car will be given away and his name will be dropped from the roll. He must also report weekly while away. This rule docs not apply in case an employe is excused for a definite time longer than one week.
3. Personal Appearance. -Conductors and motormen must report for duty clothed in full regulation uniform, and must be clean and neat in appearance.
3a. Badge and Buttons. -The official badge and regulation buttons will be furnished by the Company, and are always to remain its property. They are official tokens that the wearer is in the employ of the Company, and must never be allowed out of the possession of the employe to whom issued. If lost, such loss must be promptly reported at the office.
Badge must be shown and badge number given verbally on the request of a passenger at any time.
4. Politeness. -Conductors and motormen must treat all passengers with politeness, avoid difficulty, and exercise patience, forbearance, and self-control, under all conditions. They must not make threatening gestures or use loud, uncivil, indecent, or profane language, even under the greatest provocation.
5. Habits and Personal Conduct. -The following acts are prohibited:
5a. Drinking intoxicating liquors of any kind while on duty. 5b. Entering any place where the same is sold as a beverage while in uniform or while on duty, except in case of necessity. 5c. Constant frequenting of drinking places. 5d. Carrying intoxicating drink about the person while on duty. Se. Carrying intoxicating drinks on the Company's premises at any time. 5f. Indulging to excess in intoxicating liquors at any time. 5g. Gambling in any form, including the laying of bets and playing raffles while upon the premises of the Company. 5h. Smoking tobacco while on duty. 5i. Smoking tobacco while off duty in any part of the Company's buildings, except in the conductors' or motormen's room. 5j. Reading books or newspapers while on duty.
6. Responsibility. -The motorman is in charge of the car and is held responsible– (1) For the safe running of the car. (2) For the proper operation of-the car and its machinery. (3) For running car according to schedule. The conductor is in charge of the passengers on the car and is held responsible (1) For the safety and convenience of the passengers. (2) For the collection and proper accounting of fares.
7. Talking to Motorman. -Motormen while operating cars are permitted to answer questions of superior officers, and to give proper instructions to students only. All other conversation with motormen while car is in motion is forbidden.
8. Safety. -The safety of passengers is the first consideration. All employes are required to exercise constant care to prevent injury to persons or property, and in all cases of doubt take the safe side.
9. Warning to Passengers. -Conductors and motormen must, in a polite way, endeavor to keep people from jumping on or off cars while in motion. If persons attempt to get on or off the car while it is moving, they should be notified politely to wait until the car stops. If the passengers are leaving while another car is approaching from the opposite direction, they should be courteously warned to look out for the car on the other track.
9a. In approaching curves conductors must always give the warning, "Hold fast."
10. Standing on Steps. -Do not permit any one to stand on the steps or buffers. Passengers should be fully inside of car before the signal is given to start.
10a. The starting signal should not be given before passengers are fully off the step or running board of car.
11. Stealing Rides. -Any person caught stealing a ride on a car must never be pushed therefrom while it is in motion.
12a. Ejectments. -No passenger shall be forcibly ejected from a car for any cause whatsoever without order of an Inspector, Starter or official of the Company, unless the conduct of the passenger is dangerous or grossly offensive.
In such case the fare must be returned to the passenger, and the ejectment made by the conductor with the assistance of the motorman the car has been brought to a stop, using only such force as is sufficient to expel the offending passenger, with a reasonable regard for his personal safety. If a police officer 1s at hand, the ejectment should be made in his presence, but under no circumstances must the offending passenger be arrested unless ordered by an Inspector or any official of the Company.
13. Where to Eject. -Any person ejected from a car must be put off at a regular stopping place.
No passenger will be put off at a point where likely to be exposed to danger. Particular attention must be paid to this rule during bad and inclement weather, late at night, or when a. passenger is intoxicated.
14. Intoxication. -No passenger will be ejected from a car for mere intoxication, unless said passenger becomes dangerous or offensive; such passenger must then be ejected with great care and must be guided until free from probable injury.
15. Run on Time. -Cars must never be run ahead of schedule time, but must pass time points and leave terminals promptly on time, unless unavoidably delayed.
15a. Should the motorman be unavoidably detained, he must not attempt to make up the time by reckless running.
Motormen must not loaf because there are cars close ahead, unless there are no cars close behind.
They will not be held for polling, unless they are running close to leader and leaving the road bare behind.
When a road is not running on schedule time, motormen must divide their headway as the conditions demand.
16. Steam Railroad Crossings. -Car must be brought to a full stop at a safe distance, approaching steam railroad crossings at grade, and motorman must not proceed until conductor has gone ahead to the centre of crossing, looked both ways, and given the COME AHEAD signal. Before starting, the motorman will look back to see that no passengers are getting on or off; and in no case proceed, even after conductor's signal, until he has also examined the crossing and satisfied himself that steam cars are not approaching.
When there is more than one track the conductor must remain in advance of the car until the last track is reached.
After boarding car, conductor will give GO AHEAD signal to notify motorman that he is aboard. Motorman is forbidden to proceed without this signal.
Where crossing is protected by derail, interlocking plant or flagmen (employed by the Company) this rule does not apply, special instructions being issued to govern in such cases.
16a. Street Railway Crossings. -Motormen, before crossing the tracks of any intersecting line, must bring the car to a. full stop at the near crosswalk, see that the way is clear, and cross such tracks at reduced speed.
When there is a flagman or regularly assigned police officer stationed at crossing, motormen will be governed entirely by his signals, and need not come to a full stop when they have signal to come ahead.
18. Reporting Defects. -Conductors and motormen will report to Division General Foreman, Inspector or Starter any defect in car, track, or channel rail which needs immediate attention.
18a. Motormen must report on the car-house sheet at the Depot, the condition of every car operated by them during the day.
18b. Defective Channel Rails. -In case a car becomes disabled and it appears that shoes are torn off, the motorman must warn his follower to run carefully over spot where he lost power or place where he believes the damage occurred'. If two cars lose power in succession the follower must be warned, and must not attempt to proceed until the channel rails have been examined.
In all cases in which there is no Inspector present an emergency wagon must be called.
19. Disabled Cars. -The motorman or conductor of any disabled car, withdrawn from the main track, must remain with the car until relieved by proper authority.
19a When a car becomes disabled, the passengers must be transferred to the following car if there is room in that car to accommodate them, and the two cars must then be coupled together and the disabled car sent to Depot.
If the following car is crowded, then the passengers must be allowed to remain in the disabled car until there is room in the other car, when they must be transferred to that car.
19b. If any part of the car commences to smoke or burn, the passengers must be immediately transferred as quietly as possible, to another car or to the street without being notified that the car is on fire, then the plow leads must be disconnected and water or sand used to extinguish the fire; water must not be used until the plow leads have been disconnected.
If the fire cannot be extinguished with the material at hand, the Fire Department should be called.
19c. In case a car is disabled and is being pushed by follower the motorman of the live car must not start until he receives signals from the front and rear. Motorman operating disabled car must remain in his place, sounding the gong, and, when necessary to stop, give one tap of the bell, at the same time applying the brakes. In all such cases great care must be used, and the cars must move at slow speed. In no case must a motorman push more than two disabled cars without orders from an Inspector or some person in authority.
19d. When the disabled car is being pulled or when two cars are coupled for running, the signal for starting must first be given by the conductor on the rear car and repeated by the conductor on the forward car, each conductor being careful not to give the signal when passengers are boarding or leaving car.
20. Render Assistance. -In case of accident, however slight, to persons or property, in connection with or near any car, the motorman and conductor in charge of the same will render all assistance necessary and practicable. In no case will they leave injured persons without first having seen that they are cared for.
23. Reports to be Full and Complete. -A full and complete report of every accident, no matter how trivial, and whether occurring on or near the car, must be made by the conductor. Accidents sometimes considered as not worth reporting are often the most serious, troublesome and expensive.
The conductor will obtain the name and residence in full of all witnesses on or near the car.
The motorman will assist the conductor in securing the names of witnesses whenever practicable, and will be held responsible for any neglect to render assistance.
In all cases full facts must be obtained and stated in the reports as follows: The date, exact time, exact place, run and car number and the direction in which the car was moving, the nature of the accident or collision, and the cause of its occurrence.
The full name and address of the person injured or whose vehicle was in collision (giving the name of both the driver and the owner of the vehicle).
Ascertain the extent of injuries or damage, if any, before leaving the spot.
In case there has been an accident on the car and the conductors change ahead, the conductor taking car on which the accident happened must secure the names of witnesses, as above.
In case a person is struck by a car after passing around the rear of a passing or standing car, the number of each car must be obtained, and both crews must report the accident.
If an accident is caused by any defect or damaged condition of car, conductor must report the same and its cause.
Accidents to employes will be reported the same as accidents to passengers.
Any trouble or disturbance of a boisterous or quarrelsome character which occurs on a car, or the ejectment of a person from a car, will be reported as an accident.
24. Report Accidents to Inspectors. -Conductors and motormen will make a verbal report to the first Inspector or official of the Company they meet of any accident, blockade or mishap of any kind.
25. Give Information to Proper Persons. -No employe shall, under any circumstances, give any information whatever concerning any accident, delay, blockade or mishap of any kind to any person except to a properly authorized representative of the Company.
25a. Under no circumstances should the names of witnesses in accident cases be given to police officers.
25b. Conductors may, however, advise passengers as to the general causes of any blockade and of its probable duration.
26a. Telephone Information. -In case of a serious blockade, where assistance is required to get cars moving, conductor of the car first in block must, in the absence of any Inspector or official, telephone at once to "1000 Columbus" and give notice and particulars of detention. Expense of telephone message will be refunded upon application at the Division office.
In all cases of collision between cars and all other cases in which there is serious personal injury, information must be telephoned immediately to the Report Clerk, 2800 Columbus, unless there is an Inspector present. If in doubt as to the seriousness of the accident the information must be telephoned.
27. Starting Cars after Blockade. -In the event of a blockade of cars from any cause, the cars in such blockade must not all be started at one time, but singly and at such intervals as will not burden the feeder line.
28. Bell Signals. -From conductor to motorman, to be given on motorman's signal bell : 1 Bell- "Stop at next crossing or station." 2 Bells- "Go ahead." 3 Bells- "Stop immediately." 4 Bells- "Given when car is standing"–"Back car slowly."
From motorman to conductor, to be given on conductor's signal bell : 1 Bell- "Come ahead." 2 Bells- Danger signal to the conductor. 3 Bells- "Set rear brake." 4 Bells- Signal to conductor that motorman desires to back the car.
Whenever a car in service is stopped for any cause except to take on or let off passengers, the motorman will, as soon as he is ready to go forward, give two taps of the gong; after which if the conductor is ready to proceed, he will give the "Go ahead" signal.
The motorman will answer the signal to stop from conductor by one loud tap of gong; and two loud taps of gong after receiving the signal to go ahead.
If unable to proceed immediately upon receipt of signal motorman will wait for another "Go ahead" signal before starting the car.
When the car is standing, and motorman desires to back, for any reason, he will give the conductor four bells, but must not move the car until the conductor has answered with four bells to signify-"All is clear behind." When backing, one (1) bell from the conductor is the signal to stop immediately.
28a. When the car has been stopped to take on or let off passengers, motorman must not sound gong to hurry conductor.
28b. When backing car power must be applied only to the second notch.
28c. Motormen must give one tap on conductor's signal bell for each person boarding car by front platform. These last are to be given slowly to avoid confusion.
29. Signals before Passing Obstructions near Track. -Before passing any vehicle or obstruction close to the track, where passengers or conductors are liable to be injured while standing on the step of an open car, motorman must give two taps of signal bell as a warning, and must bring his car to a full stop before passing vehicle or obstruction unless he has received GO AHEAD signal from the conductor indicating that all is clear. Great care must be exercised in passing over all excavations, warning workmen of the approach of car by repeatedly sounding gong, car to be under full control. Where excavations are near regular stopping place, car should be run clear thereof before stopped.
30. Starting. -Motorman must never move car (whether stopped on signal or for any other reason) without signal from conductor, and then only when assured that no one is getting on or off front platform.
Conductor must never give signal to start when passengers are getting on or off.
Conductor must never give signal to back a car unless he is on rear platform and knows track is clear behind the car.
30a. Conductor must not put his hands on the bell cord until passengers, if alighting, are on the street and clear of the car; or, if boarding, are up on the body of an open car or on the platform of a box car.
30b. Conductor will give motorman one (1) bell as a signal to stop backing the car whenever a further backward movement is likely to result in injury to pedestrians or a collision with another car or vehicle. In such cases the conductor must never use three (3) bells as a signal.
30c. When it becomes necessary to reverse a car for a greater distance than 10 feet, motorman must take handles to the opposite end of car and operate it from that end. The conductor, under these circumstances, will change his position, that is to say, he will go to the opposite platform in order to give proper signal to motorman.
30d. Motorman must start car slowly, so as to avoid jerking. He must turn on power one notch at a time, taking care to strike each notch squarely, and making a distinct stop on each notch, never skipping a notch and never running between notches. Sudden application of power is liable to blow circuit-breakers or fuses. Controller must never be thrown on last point if car does not start from preceding points.
The controller must never be thrown from higher to a lower notch.
Controller must never be held for any length of time on any point except the first and second running positions.
If necessary to run slower than first running position speed, power must be thrown on and off, and not be taken continuously from a lower notch than that of the first running position.
31. Danger Signals. -Red lights or flags indicate danger, and when placed on the track, cars must come to a full stop until such signal is removed.
32. Leaving Car. -When necessary for conductor to leave his car he must notify the motorman to protect passengers and car. Should passengers board car during absence of conductor, motorman will notify conductor of the number and location of such passengers upon his return.
Cars in commission must not be left unprotected; either conductor or motorman always remaining in charge.
33. Responsibility for Damages. -Employes will be held responsible for any damages caused by their neglect or carelessness or by disobedience of rules.
34. Transfer Point Meetings. -Motormen and conductors will be held equally responsible for leaving a transfer point so quickly as to prevent the transfer of passengers from an approaching car on a connecting line.
35. Hearing by Superintendent. -A hearing will he given by the Superintendent to every employe who desires to complain. Reports or suggestions for the betterment of the service will always receive consideration.
36. Persons Allowed to Ride on Front Platforms : (a) General Officers, Superintendents, Division General Foremen, Inspectors and Starters. (b) Persons holding written orders signed by the President, Vice-President or General Manager. (c) Employes of Engineering Departments with badges displayed and wearing soiled clothing may ride on front platform of closed cars, but no more than two will be permitted to so ride at one time, unless cars are on long headway. (d) Employes detailed by Superintendents or Instruction Department for the purpose of learning to operate the car.
37. Delay by Teamsters. -In case the of any vehicle refuses to pull off track, where it is possible to do so, but persists in standing so as to block track, or in driving so slowly as to keep the car back, conductor must call upon the first policeman to compel such vehicle to turn out. If the officer should refuse to comply, conductor must note his badge number and report same at office.
38. Disputes. -Motorman must not shout or yell at teams or persons, nor, under any circumstances, use profane or vulgar language. They must not enter into any dispute or altercation with teamsters or other persons.
39. Newspapers. -Peddlers and newsboys must not be allowed to sell merchandise or papers on cars.
40. Advertising Racks. -Employes are forbidden to place newspapers, books, or any other articles in the racks reserved for advertising cards.
41. Changing Cars on Road. -In the event of a motorman or conductor being taken sick or being obliged to leave car for any reason and in order to keep the road open, it is necessary to change ahead, both conductor and motorman of the following car of the same line must take charge of the car ahead. The motorman or conductor of the crew which has been separated must remain at the place where the crews are changing ahead, until an Inspector or another conductor or motorman arrives to complete the crew, and then take the last car which has been left without a crew.
When crews change ahead on the road, the motorman leaving car must notify motorman taking his place of any defect in car equipment which may exist at such time.
42. Conductor in Charge of Car. -The conductor is in charge of car, and the motorman is subject to his orders when they do not conflict with these rules or with special orders. Should either motorman or conductor show a disposition to run car ahead, or to loaf, the other must make report to proper authority, otherwise he will be held equally responsible.
43. Electric Heating Apparatus. -Conductors and motormen must not change the position of the switch regulating the electric heaters. If the heat is on or off contrary to orders, this fact must be reported to the first inspector or starter that is met on the road.
44. Fenders. -A car must never go into or out of a house with fender lowered. Both fenders must be raised and properly strapped to the dash, otherwise they will be likely to strike the side of the door.
When lowering the fender when it is up against the dash, the strap must be unfastened and the fender lowered to the proper position by hand, taking hold of same in centre (never at the end or corner), the motorman standing on the ground at the time. If the fender is dropped while motorman is standing on the platform, it is liable to be broken or the intermediates bent.
45. Watches. -Conductors and motormen must be provided with watches which are in good running order and regulated daily by the Depot clock.
46. Sand Car. -When a sand car is sent out over a line, sand must be used only on that part of the line where the condition of the rail requires it.
If the crew in charge of a sand car are in doubt about sanding certain portions of the rail they should obtain definite instructions from Starters or Inspectors.
47. Matches. -To lessen danger of fire, no matches shall be kept in lockers.
48. Leaves of Absence. -Leave of absence will be granted only on account of illness, or for rest or recreation. No employe will be excused from duty to engage in other occupation or business, nor will his position be held open while so engaged.
49. Collections. -The collection of money for any purpose or the solicitation of advertisements for programmes or contributions on behalf of any employe or association of employes, is prohibited.
50. Assignment of Wages. -Employes are forbidden to give an order on the Company, or assign their wages. They will be paid on the regular pay day, except in cases of dismissal. Those who wish to remain in the service of the Company must pay their lawful debts.
51. Lost Articles. -Any article left in the car must be turned in at the Division Office at the end of the trip, with the usual form filled out and attached to article in question.
In all cases in which an article is found in the car by a passenger who refuses to turn it over to the conductor, a report containing the name and address of the finder and description of the article must be made to the Division General Foreman.
101. Be on Rear Platform. –Remain on rear platform when not collecting fares, keeping a lookout for persons desiring to board car. Keep careful watch of passengers to observe requests to stop car . When stops are made at principal streets, places of amusement, churches, or at any point where a considerable number of passengers enter or leave the car, · conductors should be on rear platform until such point is passed .
101a. Conductors must remain on running board of open cars, standing opposite the second seat from rear, except when collecting fares.
101b. When car is going down a steep or dangerous grade, conductors should remain on rear platform and be ready to set rear brake if necessary.
104. Route Signs. -See that route signs are properly placed on each half trip.
104a. Conductors should see that car is equipped with proper dash signs before leaving depot or terminal.
105 . Carrying Packages. -Passengers must not be allowed to carry bulky or dangerous packages aboard cars.
Do not in any way take possession of, or assume responsibility for, any package which a passenger may bring upon the car, excepting such articles as are to be turned into the Lost Article Department. Do not hang nor allow articles to be hung on the brake handles.
105 a. When persons carrying packages present transfer tickets they must be allowed to ride, but the conductor must make a written report of the facts to his Division General Foreman, the transfer ticket to be attached to said report.
106b . Baskets or bundles of soiled clothing will be carried only on the front platforms of cars.
107. Keeping Gates Closed. -Front and rear gates on closed cars on the side between the tracks must always be kept closed and securely fastened (when running on the road). On open cars the guard rails must be kept down on the side between the tracks. When gates or their fastenings are broken or out of order, prompt report must be made to Division General Foreman, Inspector or Starter.
108. Moving Forward. -On closed cars when standing passengers crowd the rear door, request them to PLEASE STEP FORWARD.
109. Seating Passengers. -Standing passengers should be directed to vacant seats; and an effort made to provide them with seats where possible.
110. Assisting Passengers. -Elderly and feeble persons, women and children should be given assistance getting on and off car when possible.
111. Dogs in Cars. -No dogs should be allowed on a car except such small dogs as can be carried in the laps of passengers.
112. Spitting on Floor. -No passenger will be ejected from a car for spitting on the floor. If a passenger violates the rule or law prohibiting spitting, the conductor will call the attention of the passenger to the law prohibiting such conduct , and endeavor to persuade the passenger to desist.
113. Collection of Fares. -Fares must be collected promptly after passenger has boarded car and immediately registered. When more than one person boards car at a time the fares must be registered immediately in the presence of the passenger who paid them before any more fares are collected.
114. Change. -When necessary to give change, first register fare, and immediately thereafter give change.
114a. When starting each trip conductors must have five dollars in change.
If bills of five dollars denomination or over are offered in payment of fare, which conductors are unable to change, they must request the passenger to leave the car, but in no case must such a passenger be forcibly ejected for refusing to comply. The facts in all such cases must be reported to the first Starter or Inspector seen.
114b. Conductors must not give more than five pennies to one person in making change. Should a passenger object to receiving pennies, conductor must take them back and give other change.
115. Register Rings. -Be careful to see that register rings each fare and that dial shows it.
116. Register Out of Order. -In case the register gets out of order, stop using it, make report of fares on back of day card or on blanks supplied for that purpose, and report the fact to the first Inspector, or Starter, met on the road, and subsequently report the same to Division General Foreman.
116a. In order to protect themselves from errors in forgetting to register, it is well for conductors to count their money at the beginning of each trip, and at the end of trip to turn in any surplus above what the register calls for making note of same on back of day cards.
117. Transfers in Blockades. -In case any line is blocked, it is the desire of the Company to carry passengers to their destination on other lines. Under such circumstances, conductors of parallel or intersecting lines will accept transfer tickets accordingly and will issue a transfer on a transfer if necessary. They will also accept transfer passengers without tickets on orders from any Inspector or authorized representative of the Company making report of same on the back of day card.
117a. Conductors on the line which has been blocked must not issue transfer tickets at unusual points unless ordered to do so by an Inspector or other official of the Company.
118. Refusing to Pay Fare.-Transfers. When a passenger refuses to pay fare or presents a defective transfer or ticket, upon which, in the judgment of the conductor, the passenger is not entitled to ride, the conductor must secure the names of as many witnesses to the facts as is possible, whereupon the car must be stopped and the passenger requested to leave.
If the passenger fails to comply with such request, the facts of the case must be brought to the attention of the first Inspector, Starter or official of the Company who is met, and the conductor must act according to instructions received from such Inspector, Starter or official. In all cases the passenger must be given the benefit of any doubt.
When a passenger who refuses to pay fare requests to be allowed to leave the car, the car must be stopped and the person permitted to alight.
118a. Get Witnesses. -In all cases of ejectment, always get the names of witnesses and make report giving all the circumstance, the same as in case of accident.
119. Return of Fare. -Should conductor for any reason return a fare to a passenger, or by error register more fares then collected, he must not attempt to recover same by omitting to register fares subsequently collected. Conductor should report matter at the office, when money will be refunded.
120. Transportation of Employes. -Employes in uniform with badges displayed, or wearing working clothes (if not soiled) with badge in sight, will be allowed to ride free to and from work upon any of the cars of this Company. Such employes must ride inside of the cars when there is room, but must not occupy a seat while other passengers stand, nor must they converse with men in charge of the car. Not more than two such employes will be allowed to ride on any one car; except during the early morning or late at night when cars are on long headway, and in such event not enough employes to crowd the car will be allowed to board same. Employes of the Engineering Departments wearing soiled clothing will not be allowed on the rear platform or inside of closed cars, but may ride on the front platform thereof, as provided by Rule 36c. On open cars such employes may ride only upon the rear platform.
121. Free Passengers. -Children under four years of age will be carried free when accompanied by an older person.
Police officers and firemen, in uniform will be carried free, not more than two on any one car. All such officers in addition to two must pay fare.
122. Information to Passengers. -Conductors are expected to be familiar with principal points along their route, so as to give information to passengers about streets, parks, connecting or intersecting railroad lines, depots, ferries, public buildings, large stores, hotels, theatres, etc. (See directory at end of this book.)
Conductors on the longitudinal lines must announce distinctly the name of at least every fifth intersecting street and on the crosstown lines the name of every intersecting street. They must call out the name of ferries, theatres, important public buildings and, on arriving at transfer stations, the lines to which transfers are issued.
When on the stand at terminals and when approaching passengers, conductors must announce the route or destination of car.
Passengers notifying conductor to be let off at some point ahead should be requested to signal conductor just before arriving at the desired street.
123. Passengers Ring Bell. -Passengers have a right to ring the bell to stop the car, and conductors should bear this in mind. They must, however, try in a polite way to discourage passengers from doing so.
124. Smoking on Cars. -Smoking or carrying lighted cigars, cigarettes or pipes must not be allowed on any part of box cars, but may be permitted on four rear seats only of open cars, and on open section of combination cars.
126. Disabled Motorman. -In case any accident disables motorman while the car is in motion, the conductor must at once throw off overhead switch and apply r ear brake to stop car.
126. Care of Cars. -Conductors must make a written report to the Division General Foreman of any cars not in first-class condition for service. Careful inspection must be made of doors, windows, lamps, and all other parts of car, to see that same are in proper condition.
Conductors must keep papers and rubbish picked up, lights burning after dark, cars properly ventilated and curtains or blinds raised or lowered to give proper shade from sun. At the end of route, where necessary, they must change gates and run numbers, assist motormen in changing pins, turn seats on open cars, change signs, etc. In general, they must see that cars are in good order, neat and clean. In cold weather front doors and windows must be kept closed and rear doors also as much as possible.
Care must be taken to regulate ventilators according to number of passengers and condition of the weather, so that the air in car may be kept cool and pure. An endeavor should be made to comply with all reasonable demands from passengers regarding doors, windows, curtains and ventilators. During cold weather, as a rule, one ventilator at least should be kept open and adjusted so that the opening is toward the rear of the car.
201. Stopping for Passengers. -Keep a careful lookout on both sides of the street and bring the car to a full stop for every person who signals except that when a car has considerable headway, is overcrowded, and another car follows within the same block (or 200 feet) passengers should be requested to take the following car.
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Do not stop cars so as to block crossstreets and crosswalks.
201a. Cars will stop on signal only, at farther crossing of street intersections, in front of places of amusement, and in the middle of long blocks.
Cars must stop without signal at all transfer points and at points as provided in special orders.
202. Churches and Hospitals. -When passing a church during the hours of service, and at all times when passing a hospital, run slowly and do not ring the gong unless necessary.
202a. Passing Schools. -Cars must be run slowly and with great care, and gong sounded, in the vicinity of schools when there are children in the street.
202b. Excavations. -In passing excavations or places where men are working near tracks gong must be sounded and speed reduced.
203. Persons between Cars. -Cars moving in opposite directions must not pass at points where persons are standing between the tracks, but must be operated so as not to occupy both tracks at such point simultaneously.
203a. Rule 203 does not apply to the case of police officers detailed at crossings.
203b. Street Sweepers. -In passing laborers at work in the streets, gong must be sounded and car kept under control.
204. Passing Standing Cars. -When passing standing cars, gong must be rung and car brought to slow speed.
205. Passing Vehicles. -Motormen are cautioned to exercise great care when a vehicle is passing alongside of track ahead of car. Ring the gong vigorously to attract the attention of the person driving, as a warning not to pull in ahead of car; and run cautiously until the vehicle is passed in safety.
206. Fire Apparatus. -When any fire department vehicles are observed approaching from any direction, cars must be stopped until such vehicles have passed.
206a. The emergency wagons of the Company must always be given the right of way.
207. Ambulances and Police Patrol. –Ambulances and police patrol must be allowed the right of way, and when approaching or passing, cars must be kept under control to avoid collision .
208. Passing Cars. -Never run against switch point of crossover when meeting a car, but slacken speed sufficiently to allow the car moving in the opposite direction to pass before striking switch point.
This rule refers particularly to all crossovers having switch points facing opposite to the direction in which the car is moving.
208a. Switches. -Motormen must see that all rail and slot switches are properly set before passing them, coming to a full stop, if necessary. They must run at slow speed over all switches, so that if a switch should be suddenly thrown they can stop car promptly.
209. Reversing Cars. -Never use the reversing lever to stop car except in a case wherein the brake fails to work properly.
Do not reverse the power when the brake is set, but release the brake and reverse the power simultaneously, and, when the reverse lever is thrown in position, apply the current one point at a time, otherwise the fuse will melt or the breaker will release. Sand should be used when making an emergency stop.
210. Leaving Car. -Never leave platform of car without taking controller and reverse handle, throwing off the overhead switch and applying brake. Be careful to see that the hands point to the "off" mark before taking off controller handle. Before leaving car at any point, set hand brake sufficiently to pr event car from drifting.
211. Throwing Overhead Switches. -An overhead switch must never be thrown until power is turned entirely off, except in case controller cylinder fails to turn when power is on. It must be thrown by hand only.
211a. Repairs. -Before attempting any repairs on cars, ground switch must be thrown.
211b. Controller Out of Order. -In case the controller is out of order and the controller handle cannot be turned to the "off" point, the overhead switch should be thrown.
212. Power off Line. -When the power leaves the line, the controller must be shut off, the overhead switch thrown, and the car brought to a stop; the light switch must then be turned on and the car started only when the lights burn brightly.
213. Economical Use of Current. In order to effect an economical use of the electric current, it is necessary that the continuous movements of starting and increasing speed should be made gradually. In starting a car, let it, run until the maximum speed of each notch has been attained before moving handle to the next notch.
Do not apply brakes when the current is on.
Do not apply current when brakes are applied .
Do not allow the current to remain on when car is going down grade, or when passing over section breakers. Endeavor to run car with the least amount of current, allowing the car to drift without the use of the current when it can be done without falling behind time.
A great amount of power can be saved by using judgment and discretion in approaching stopping places and switches by shutting off the power, so as to allow the car to drift to the stopping place or switch without a too vigorous use of the brake .
214. Release Brakes before Stop. When brakes are set to make a stop they should always be released, or nearly so, just before the car comes to a standstill.
215. Water on Track. -When there is water on the track run the car very slowly, drifting without use of power when ever possible.
216. Sanded Rails. -Never run on freshly sanded rail with brakes full on except to prevent an accident. On cars provided with sand boxes, in case of slippery rail, always sand the track for a short distance before applying the brakes.
217. Spinning of Wheels. -Care must be taken, particularly during snowstorms, to avoid spinning of the wheels with no forward or backward movement of the car.
217a. When wheels begin spinning, the motorman must shut off power immediately and turn it on again slowly.
218. Slippery Rail. -On a slippery rail do not allow wheels to slide; as soon as wheels commence to slide, the brake must be released and reset.
Extreme caution must be used to keep car under full control approaching all intersections, junctions, railroad crossings and prominent driveways, being very careful when approaching wagons and other cars, disregarding schedule if necessary.
219. Do Not Oil Car. -Do not oil or grease any part of a car.
220. Rounding Curves. -Power must be shut off and brake applied on approaching all curves, allowing car to enter the curve on its own momentum with brake partly on. Before movement is lost brake should be released and power applied.
A car must never be stopped on a curve except to avoid accident.
221. Power Off at Breaks. -At points where there is break in underground conductor, as indicated by marks on the surface of the street, whether at intersections, curves or on the straight rail, car must be slowed to one-quarter speed and power be shut off when the front of car reaches the first mark, and thrown on again when front of car reaches second mark.
222. Changing Ends. -When changing ends at terminals, motormen must not pass through car.
223. Place for Oil Coat. -Overcoats and oil coats must not be hung across the front dash, nor on front body of car. They must be either laid on front platform or neatly folded and hung in hand-rail against body of car on left-hand side.
224. Terminals. -Motormen must reduce speed when running into terminals to a rate just sufficient to carry car into terminal.
Cars must not be run closer than 20 feet from their leader at terminals. (Exception to the above rule may be made by Division General Foreman.)
226. No Unauthorized Person to Run Cars. -Motormen must not allow any person to run their cars, except men placed there for instruction, or some Inspector or duly authorized officer of the Company, known to the motorman to be such. Conductors must not be allowed to run cars. Motormen who have on their car and in their charge learners breaking in must, under no circumstances, allow such learners to handle car except when the regular motorman is at his side ready to take the brake or cont roller in an instant, to prevent accident.
226. Knowledge of Electrical Equipment. -Motormen are expected to acquaint themselves with the mechanical and electrical equipment of cars, in order that they may be enabled to cut out a motor, replace a fuse, reset a circuit-breaker, or make slight repairs, if necessary.
Motormen should familiarize themselves with the sound made by the car when running, and, if any unusual sound is not iced, should endeavor to find t he cause and report it. They should observe carefully whet her the car takes its natural speed on all positions of the controller, and, if not report the fact.
They should apply to proper authority for instructions in any matter that they do not thoroughly understand.